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    反應堆壓力容器鋼韌性評價及韌脆轉變機理的研究進展
              
    Research Progress on Toughness Evaluation and of Ductile-Brittle Transition Mechanism of Reactor Pressure Vessel Steel

    摘    要
    反應堆壓力容器(RPV)鋼的力學性能評價是核電廠延壽評價的主要內容,其中輻照損傷引起的韌脆轉變溫度上升是影響運行安全和壽命的主要因素。RPV鋼的韌脆轉變評價通過抽取監督試樣進行,但監督試樣的短缺迫使材料工作者采用小試樣和試樣重組等技術研究韌性評價問題。對近年來國內外RPV鋼的韌性評價方法進行了論述,介紹了幾種無損檢測技術在RPV鋼力學性能檢測方面的應用;著重介紹了近3 a來國內外在RPV鋼輻照脆化機理,尤其是強輻照下組織結構演化機理的研究進展,最后對我國RPV鋼韌性評價和相關機理研究進行了展望。
    標    簽 反應堆壓力容器鋼   韌脆轉變   析出相   輻照脆化   reactor pressure vessel steel   ductile-brittle transition   precipitate   irradiation embrittlement  
     
    Abstract
    The evaluation of mechanical performance of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) steel is the main content of the life extension evaluation of nuclear power plants, and the increase of ductile-brittle transition temperature caused by irradiation damage is the main factor affecting operational safety and life. The toughness and brittleness transition evaluation of RPV steel is carried out by drawing surveillance samples, but the shortage of the surveillance samples forces material workers to study the toughness evaluation using small sample and sample reconstitution technique. The toughness evaluation methods of RPV steel at home and abroad in recent years are discussed, and the application of several nondestructive testing techniques on RPV steel mechanical property testing is described. The research progress on the irradiated embrittlement mechanism of RPV steels, especially the microstructure evolution mechanism of RPV steel under the high irradiation condition, in the past three years at home and abroad is described. Finally, the prospect of toughness evaluation and related mechanism research of RPV steel in China is presented.

    中圖分類號 TL341   DOI 10.11973/jxgccl202107002

     
      中國光學期刊網論文下載說明


    所屬欄目 綜述

    基金項目 廣東省基礎與應用基礎研究重大項目(2019B030302011);廣東省引進創新創業團隊項目(2016ZT06G025);反應堆燃料及材料重點實驗室穩定支持課題(JCKYS2019201073)

    收稿日期 2020/7/8

    修改稿日期 2021/5/18

    網絡出版日期

    作者單位點擊查看

    備注饒德林(1965-),男,江西南昌人,副研究員,博士

    引用該論文: RAO Delin,MO Jiahao,GAO Jianbo,LI Jun,ZHANG Shuyan. Research Progress on Toughness Evaluation and of Ductile-Brittle Transition Mechanism of Reactor Pressure Vessel Steel[J]. Materials for mechancial engineering, 2021, 45(7): 7~11
    饒德林,莫家豪,高建波,李軍,張書彥. 反應堆壓力容器鋼韌性評價及韌脆轉變機理的研究進展[J]. 機械工程材料, 2021, 45(7): 7~11


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